About 93,000 disabled people of all ages are on waiting lists for home- and community-care services. But when "home care is available, it typically costs taxpayers less" than nursing home care, the Journal reports. Home and community care cost about $26,000 per year, according to the University of Minnesota Research and Training Center on Community Living, whereas the state of Georgia spends about $81,000 per patient on nursing home care.
CDC has called for all disabled children to be out of "congregate settings," meaning facilities with four or more disabled persons, by 2010, and federal funding for in-home and community care has increased by nearly 300% since 1997. CMS spokesperson Mary Kahn said, "The Bush administration has been very supportive of home care." However, the Journal reports that the number of institutionalized children has remained steady in recent years.